The chaffinch belongs to the most widespread passerine birds in Europe. It is found in deciduous and coniferous forests, from the lowlands to the upper forest border, in open landscapes with trees but also in orchards, parks, and gardens.
It is a partially migratory species, which means that older individuals often spend winter with us, staying close to humans and flying to feeders. Males and females differ significantly in color (we speak of sexual dimorphism). The male is more prominent, having a blue-gray head and neck with burgundy chest, while the female has not.
In the spring, the male begins to sing a distinctive and loud song from the tops of trees, often from morning till evening.
It feeds on seeds, shoots, fruits, and in summer also insects. When in flight, it is recognizable by two prominent white stripes on its wings.
Do you know?
The chaffinch's "pink-pink" or "seee-seee" call, which it often makes before rain or storms, has given rise to the saying that "the chaffinch calls for rain".